What is a lawyer? A “lawyer” or “attorney,” sometimes referred to as “counsel,” is a professional who represents other persons or entities in the conduct of lawsuits and provides counsel and advice concerning legal rights and obligations. The practice of law consists of the furnishing of such services or advice based upon special knowledge and skills acquired through legal education and experience. This includes giving advice on any matter requiring the application of legal principles to particular facts or to a client’s purposes or wishes, preparing legal documents of any kind, and the representation of another person in any legal matter before a court, administrative agency or other governmental tribunal. When any of these circumstances exist with the mutual consent of both parties, the lawyer-client relationship has been established.